PLATFORM: Nicanor Perlas via http://www.thepoc.net

November 28, 2009 at 10:51 am Leave a comment

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Democracy is derived from two Greek words, demos and kratos, the rule of the people, the rule of citizens. The Latin root words of “constituency” means to “stand with”, pointing to a leader who stands with his/her people…

 


For a quick overview of the Six Pillars of the platform, click here.

For bullet point and illustrative overview of some aspects of the Platform, click here.


PLATFORM OF THE

PARTIDO NG MARANGAL NA SAMBAYANAN

(PANGMASA)

The Platform of Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) has four parts.

I. PREAMBLE

II. VISION

III. AGENDA FOR GENUINE CHANGE

IV. PILLARS, POLICIES, AND PROGRAMS TO RENEW THE PHILIPPINES

I. PREAMBLE

Democracy is derived from two Greek words, demos and kratos, the rule of the people, the rule of citizens. The Latin root words of “constituency” means to “stand with”, pointing to a leader who stands with his/her people.

Marangal ng Sambayanan Party advocates true, participatory democracy in its vision, agenda, and policies. Therefore the Party will conduct extensive consultations not only with its members but also with the general public. The Party believes that no single individual, institution, network or movement has the full access to the truth and to the future. In addition, the Party believes that a deeper truth and a more profound basis for action can be found in the diverse perspectives of its members and the general public. The Party sees its consultative thrust and activities as means to create harmony out of many perspectives and identities and to discover the larger and more powerful collective intelligence that can be found in a true, respectful, and creative processes of consultation.

Creating an open consultative space has another very important result. It will truly revitalize democracy in the Philippines by encouraging active citizenship.

If only leaders know the answer, citizens will become passive actors in a political system where citizens are meant to be the true rulers. If a party’s platform is too detailed, fixed, and rigid, then that citizens will experience that platform as a heavy burden on their minds, one that does not allow them to really express how they really think and feel.

However, if the Party truly encourages citizens to engage, then the Party will help release a powerful, creative energy for the positive transformation of the nation. No single individual or Party has the power to address all the challenges that the Philippines faces today. It will take the collective will of active and engaged citizens to create a visionary and inspiring country. TAYONG LAHAT ang magbibigay pag-asa sa ating bayan! TAYONG LAHAT ang magbabago sa Pilipinas!

As such, the Party views its Platform as a living document. The Platform details are open to constructive refinements. The Party is open to concrete ideas for action that would lead the country forward to a better future.

In the Platform which follows, especially the section on Policies, the Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) will indicate the main contours of its direction and basis for concrete action. This will give the general public a sense of the direction and enough concrete examples of what the Party will do once it becomes active in the political and societal life of the country. This will give enough details of concrete action and direction without pre-empting other concrete policy and program proposals that will certainly emerge from the Party’s consultative processes and the unpredictable developments in national and global affairs.

The Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) Platform is the Party’s social contract with the Filipino people and any other individual or institution that wants to have a relationship with the Party. It is not based on a false sense of utang na loob, paybacks or patronage. It is a platform based on principles. It is a platform that will be the basis of the new politics.

II. VISION 2016 – A NATION REBORN

Prelude to Vision Statement

The promise of Lupa ng Araw that was felt so deeply by our forebears has been betrayed. We are now confronted with the devastating results of years of self-serving traditional politics and politicians. Poverty, unemployment, graft and corruption, conflict, injustice, and environmental decline, these are but some of the ills devastating the country today. Virtually every level of governance and every institution of society has been infected by the pursuit of narrow and self-serving political ends. There is no guiding vision that unites the country much less the various departments of government. This produces loss of hope and worse, apathy and cynicism.

We have now reached a turning point. Many Filipinos want something more dignified. The country yearns for a new direction to achieve genuine freedom, justice, solidarity, to restore the Philippines that so inspired Rizal, Bonifacio, Aquino and many others.

Filipinos yearn for “GINHAWA”, that is, true freedom, true justice, true prosperity, true respect for nature, true solidarity, true dignity and honor – all based on our deep innate sense that we all come from one Divine Source, one Creator. Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) will change this dismal state of affairs with a new vision, a new agenda and new policies and programs that will bring “ginhawa”, that will make this country rise up from the ashes and take its place in the global community of nations.

We envision the true Philippines that has deep sources of spirituality; the Philippines that respects and empowers individual Filipinos towards excellence; the Philippines that understands meaningful societal change, participation and inclusion; the Philippines that respects and values culture; the Philippines that protects human rights, ensures justice and promotes participatory democracy; the Philippines that progresses economically by serving the true needs of the people; the Philippines that protects and nurtures the integrity of creation, our sources of life – our ecology.

Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) summarizes these aspirations in its vision statement and principles as follows.

Vision Statement.

We envision a prosperous, peaceful, democratic, moral and visionary nation, living in harmony with Nature and energized by creative, honest, responsible citizens who are aware of their divine origin and purpose; citizens who have united together to sustain a free, vibrant and diverse culture, a broad-based and inclusive economy, a participatory, just and compassionate governance that contributes positively to world affairs.

III. AGENDA FOR CHANGE: DIMENSIONS AND PRINCIPLES

The Necessity for Change

The challenge of renewing Philippine society is complex.

In the economy, to use United Nations Development Program (UNDP) language, we are experiencing jobless growth and ruthless growth. In recent years, before its current contraction in 2009, our economy grew but unemployment and underemployment continued to hover at high levels. In addition, this economic growth was “ruthless” in that it only benefited the rich upper classes as 4 million Filipinos entered the ranks of the poor between 2003 and 2006. The Philippines has one of the highest Gini coefficient (0.44) in the ASEAN region and in the world, indicating that economic growth is unevenly and unfairly distributed. Furthermore government has re-established the dreaded practice of crony capitalism, where, as a result of political indebtedness, the state favors certain individuals and corporations in different industries to prosper at the expense of other businesses. Finally, the economy is resting on weak and narrow fundamentals, with a weak manufacturing sector and an over-reliance on OFW remittances.

In politics, we are experiencing voiceless growth. Citizens, the true subjects of democracy, have no real voice in the affairs of the state. Political dynasties continue to reign supreme in Philippine politics. Traditional politicians in the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government violate laws and regulations left and right yet continue to justify these violations as their defense of law and order. The upper levels of the military are highly politicized and corrupted. Government officials at all levels steal hundreds of billions every year from the national budget. When citizens protest government wrongdoing and abuses, citizens are met with water cannons and police brutality. Worst, some citizens become victims of unresolved extrajudicial killings. On top of it all, the justice system is increasingly becoming corrupted, preventing citizens from obtaining relief from the harm done to them. The growth of condominiums and malls hides the massive betrayal of democracy.

In culture, we are experiencing the growth of moral rootlessness. The pervasive and almost unstoppable corruption around us destroys our sense of what is right and wrong and uproots our capacity for moral outrage. We are becoming more apathetic and cynical as a people. Worse, an increasing number among us flow with the tide of corruption instead of resisting it. And because we are cut of from our moral center, we cannot unify as a nation around moral issues that profoundly affect our future. Our low quality education does not help the situation. The increasing corruption of civil society, including NGOs, peoples organizations, social movements, schools, media, and religious groups, adds further to moral cynicism and inaction. On top of it all, we have no clear vision of who are as a people nor do we have an understanding of what our collective talents are as a nation.

For society as a whole (including our economy, politics, and culture), we are facing the challenge of hopeless growth. We are surrounded with the same urgent issues that have faced us for more than two decades: poverty, corruption, lawlessness, conflict, crime, overpopulation, damaged institutions, and others. The promises of past government administrations to address these societal issues now sound empty amidst the massive growth of these problems. Our prospects for renewal seem to be bleak and hopeless in the decades to come.

While our society is burdened with the challenge of hopelessness, we are also facing the stark reality of futureless growth in our relationship with our ecologyour sources of life, in our almost utter disregard for the integrity of creation. Solid waste, water and air pollution is increasing to dangerous levels. We are inadequately prepared for the massive impacts of global climate change that is upon us. Our chemical and poison-based agriculture continues to destroy the fertility of our soil and undermine our health as consumers. We continue to over-fish our oceans and destroy our forests and watersheds. Mining practices continue to be environmentally unsound and socially disruptive.

Economic, political, and cultural structures and institutions are responsible for the massive challenges we face today. Yet, in the end, human beings constitute systems and structures. People run the great institutions of our society. If people have integrity and competence, then the issues of society will be meaningfully addressed. If people are corrupt, then they will corrupt the systems, structures and institutions that they manage.

Unfortunately, at the spiritual and the individual level, we are also facing the challenge of the growth of meaninglessness. Filipinos are becoming more and more self-centered and egotistic. They only think of their immediate personal advantage instead of the common good. They cannot find their place in the wholeness of society and human history and therefore they do not find meaning in their lives. They are also becoming more materialistic. They value corrupt shortcuts and material possessions over honesty, hard work and a deep spiritual life. As a result of egotism and materialism, Filipinos increasingly feel empty and meaningless inside. They try to fill this meaninglessness with material possessions. They do not realize that gold can never replace principles and values as the basis for true meaning, purpose and satisfaction in life.

The Seven Dimensions of GINHAWA or Integral Sustainable Development

From the description of the challenges facing our country, it is clear that the challenges that we all face are not simply political. They are also economic, cultural, societal, ecological, human, and spiritual. The challenges have many sources, many dimensions. The solutions, therefore, must address these different sources, these dimensions of the challenges. An agenda for change cannot simply address corruption and neglect the other challenges that not only affect corruption but also add their own unique burden to the country.

The long reign of traditional politics is ruining our country. Filipinos are ready to join a new movement to recover the Philippines’ true identity as the Pearl of the Orient – Perlas ng Silanganan. They seek profound relief, GINHAWA, which can come only from a truly integral and comprehensive agenda for sustainability.

The Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) recognizes seven dimensions of true GINHAWA, or authentic integral sustainable development (ISD). The Party offers this comprehensive Agenda for Change. This agenda, with its dimensions of development and principles, will be the basis and context of the Party’s priorities, policies, and programs that are detailed below.

Spiritual Development. Modern science, especially astrophysics, is providing evidence that we exist in a profoundly interconnected, living and intelligent universe; that the human species is not a mere product of blind chance and therefore has deep purpose; and that Divine Intelligence permeates the continuous creation and evolution of worlds. As part and parcel of this universal creation, we affirm the divine nature of the human being. This sense of the sacred is deeply Filipino and underlies all aspects and dimensions of a truly integral sustainability. The Party will nurture the conscious understanding of our spiritual potentials and will encourage Filipinos to mobilize the tremendous divine potentials within for the good of Philippine society and the world.

Human Development. We will guarantee the right of every Filipino to the development of his or her full human potential always mindful and within the context of contributing to the welfare of society and the planet. We also affirm human dignity and the rights and responsibilities of every human being as self-directed, spiritual individuals with unique hopes and aspirations for themselves and for the common good.

Societal Development. We will encourage governance processes that seek to eradicate poverty and advance the quality of life for all. We will mainstream moral and effective governance that will remove corruption, improve the nation’s education and health, end conflict, secure peace, provide adequate housing, strengthen family and community life, and achieve sustainable population levels, among others.

Cultural Development. Culture has the power to transform and civil society has a key role to play in this process. We will institute a cultural revolution, a peaceful cultural revolution that will inspire and propel reforms in culture itself, especially education. These reforms would then have the power to re-invent government and business and lead to a Philippine renaissance. Culture, especially the creative arts, are going to become essential in the renewal of Philippine society. This is an exciting dimension of Philippine excellence that has yet to be fully mobilized for national development.

Political Development. We will redesign the political system so that it is open to the participation not only of people in government, but also those in civil society, and business. In this way, we encourage an approach that involves and evolves society as a whole. We will ensure that justice and equality, transparency and accountability become the hallmarks of a more moral and effective governance.

Economic Development. We will broaden the foundations of the economy and make its benefits more inclusive. We will align and harness investment, trade, financial, monetary, and fiscal, especially taxation policies towards genuine integral sustainable development that eradicates poverty and improves the quality of life for all.

Ecological Development. We will realign development policy to recognize and respect the environment as the sources of life of a nation. Ecological balance and harmony must thus underpin and inform national development. To achieve this end, the Party will encourage educational efforts to understand the full implication of Nature as a Divine creation and, which, therefore, has its own value and integrity beyond narrow human intentions.

Principles of GINHAWA OR Integral Sustainable Development

Certain principles are contained in these dimensions of development, principles to guide the use of these seven development dimensions in day-to-day reality. The Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) is declaring that it would adhere to the following principles of GINHAWA or integral sustainable development (ISD)

Spiritual Development Principle

1. We believe in socially engaged spirituality. We advance our spirituality not for ourselves, but ultimately to serve others, to serve the world. Socially engaged spirituality respects different religious traditions and beliefs but also recognizes the common spiritual and moral underpinnings of the nation.

Human Development Principles

2. We affirm the importance of developing the full human potential of each and every Filipino so that they will be enabled to contribute what is unique in them to society and the greater purposes they yearn to serve. We acknowledge that the human being is more than his/her two IQ or cognitive intelligences: that is, linguistic and logical/mathematical intelligence. In addition, every human being has 10 other intelligences including visual, kinesthetic, musical, emotional, social, naturalistic, moral, existential, appreciative, and spiritual intelligence. The increasing complexity and survival of societies and the world will require the full development of all these aspects of human intelligences. The Party recognizes the staggering implications of these newly established scientific image of the human being for education and training programs of institutions.

3. Because of the divine creative essence of the human being, we respect and encourage the need for self-determination in each and every Filipino. We can also call this principle, dignified individuation. The creative essence of a human being cannot emerge if it is unconsciously subservient to all kinds of external constraints. However, we encourage a kind of self-determination that is consciously nurturing of others, of the whole. This is the essence of that central Filipino value of pagkikipagkapwa, a sense of self that is mindful of the welfare of others.

Cultural Development Principles

4. Dignified individuation and socially engaged spirituality flourish best in a free, moral, and vibrant culture. The outer cultural world should be a place that is conducive to the unfolding of the multiple intelligence of the human being. Only a free, moral, compassionate, meaningful and creative culture can do this.

5. We affirm the need for unity in cultural diversity. We will be sensitivity to and respect the diverse cultures including religions throughout the Philippine archipelago – an approach that builds a truly free and vibrant culture. We will encourage the different cultures to come together as SAMBAYANAN, as one country, in the pursuit of true GINHAWA: true freedom, true justice, true prosperity, and true solidarity in society and with nature, all on the foundation of socially responsible and spiritually active Filipinos.

6. We support the need for a holistic science and appropriate technology so that societal developments, especially economic initiatives, are achieved within the context of genuine integral sustainability.

Political Development Principles

7. We need to move away from a narrow state-centered approach to governance. Instead we affirm our support for a society-centered governance. We saw the complex challenges the Philippines faces, many of which are beyond the realm of politics. We need to engage the key actors in the economy (business, large and small) and culture (various sectors of civil society).

8. When we affirm a society-centered governance, we simultaneously commit to advancing authentic participatory democracy. We engage citizens from all walks of life, whether they be in culture, the economy, or directly in politics. With genuine participation, we advance closer to the true meaning of democracy, the rule of the people.

9. We support the principle of subsidiarity on all levels of governance. This principle affirms the right of any political unit to pursue self-defined goals and objectives as long as it does not conflict with legitimate objectives at the national level. As a party we will pursue governance policies and programs that would empower legitimate local initiatives.

10. We will gear our efforts at society-centered governance, participatory democracy, and subsidiarity not primarily as ends in themselves but as means to achieve wide-ranging social justice and equity before the law. Among others, this would mean spatial equity, where governance ensures that GINHAWA or integral sustainable development is found in all regions of the nation; inter-generational equity, where the present generation does not develop at the expense of the future generations and vice-versa; and intra generational equity, where the needs of all sectors of society are truly addressed in a balanced manner.

Economic Development Principles

11. We uphold the importance of broad-based and inclusive economic development. We will seek means to broaden the economic foundations of the economy. And, at the same time, we will make sure that the fruits of economic activity are shared more equally among Filipinos and the different regions and provinces of the country.

12. We aspire to ground the true essence of economic activity on solidarity, not mere competition. Therefore, the Party will advance an economic approach that recognizes the vital relationships between the different actors within the economy as well as the mutual interdependence of the market with the different institutions in other realms of society.

Societal Development Principles

13. We affirm our love for country as a vital principle for development. Without this love for the whole that has nurtured us from birth and all the stages of our development, we will wreck the very foundations of our own individual, spiritual, moral, and social development.

14. Because we love our country and value human life, we will unceasingly pursue the goal of peace, order, and national unity and put an end to the wars that have pitted Filipinos against Filipinos, families against families, wars that have fragmented our nation. We will pursue this peace always on the foundations of social justice and respect for our diverse identities, the root solutions to most of our conflict.

15. We cannot say we love our country and we cannot hope to achieve peace and order if we allow traditional governance to condemn millions of Filipinos to a life of poverty and want. We affirm the unceasing pursuit of poverty eradication and quality of life for all.

16. Any country can support only a certain number of people per unit area of land before it plunges into the slippery slope of unsustainable and destructive development. We affirm our pursuit of a sustainable population for the country.

17. We assert our national sovereignty and self-determination that is founded on a true love of country and will guard against selling the nation’s patrimony for a few pieces of gold. This thrust of self-determination at the national level complements our support for dignified individuation.

18. At the same time, we recognize the principle of global cooperation. The Party sees our nationhood within the larger context of the universal human as elaborated in the dimension of spiritual development. We will therefore continue to nurture our innate sense of courtesy and hospitality to our non-Filipino brothers and sisters within the context of mutual respect and exchange of cultures. We will also engage in global cooperation as long as this leads to the advancement of a planetary civilization that champions universal human rights and responsibilities.

19. We recognize and practice true gender sensitivity that respects the unique contributions, capacities and needs of both women and men.

20. The massive work of poverty eradication, advancing quality of life for all, peace and order, global cooperation, national self-determination, and other principles cannot be done by government alone. We affirm the importance of societal threefolding partnerships in advancing all the principles mentioned above and to follow below and ultimately to attain GINHAWA or integral sustainable development. Societal threefolding is the mobilization of resources, talents, and power of the three key actors and spheres of society: government actors in the sphere of the political, business actors in the sphere of the economic, and civil society actors in the sphere of the cultural.

21. Institutional viability is important in mainstreaming all the principles mentioned. We cannot walk if our legs are crippled. We can pursue GINHAWA or integral sustainable development if our societal institutions are corrupted, compromised, and inefficient.

Ecological Development Principles

22. We cannot achieve sustainability in our development if we destroy the very foundations of our sources of life. Ecological soundness is an important principle in our relationship with the integrity of creation.

23. We affirm the importance of bio-geographical equity in our pursuit of ecologically sound development. This requires viewing development on the basis of bioregions, delineated along the diverse watersheds of our country. We affirm our intention to harness the uniqueness and the beauty of our bioregions to develop greater opportunities for communities located in the unique combinations of uplands, lowlands, and coastal waters across the country. Simultaneously a bio-geographical consciousness deepens our appreciation of and relationship with Nature.

24. We assert the importance community-based resource management approaches to the appropriate development of the natural resources of the country. The richness of Nature’s bounty is the heritage of all Filipinos, not a few privileged few.

IV. PILLARS AND POLICIES TO MOVE US FORWARD

The task of nation building is wide-ranging. The Party envisions 6 pillars as its priorities and entry points to the vast and complex task of achieving GINHAWA or integral sustainable development. We will pursue these pillars ever mindful of advancing the 7 dimensions and 24 principles of integral sustainable development as these apply to the specific pillars involved.

1. 0 PILLARS

The first pillar deals with eradicating the massive poverty, inequitable growth, lawlessness, and conflicts that plague our country. Our first pillar aims to Eradicate Poverty and Enhance Quality of Life for all, through, among others, a vibrant broad-based economy, social justice and peace.

The second pillar addresses the pervasive corruption that is tearing the social fabric of the nation and rupturing the hearts and minds of Filipinos. Our second pillar therefore seeks to Advance Moral and Effective Governance in all institutions of society and all situations in life.

The third pillar concerns itself with stopping the massive destruction of our ecology and our environment. Our third pillar seeks to Uphold the Integrity of Creation and respectfully partner with it as our source of life.

Our fourth pillar seeks to Build Partnerships for Social Justice. We want to introduce a new approach to real participatory governance and authentic democracy. No one can solve the problems of the country alone… tayong lahat ang kailangan upang mabago ang ating bansa. This means government working together with civil society and business in the pursuit of social justice and creating a better country. The Party will advance societal threefolding partnerships (as elaborated above in the principles) at all levels of governance where appropriate.

The fifth pillar strives to Promote Holistic Education and Inner Change. Better schools, colleges and universities, drawing out the many talents, intelligences, and potentials of students, are crucial. Equally as important is self-directed education and transformation. At the end of the day, it’s important to also address the factor of inner change—taking responsibility for changing our hearts and minds. No one can do our inner work for us. And there can be no genuine change in a system or institution if the people who work there do not change. Depressed, apathetic, and poorly trained people cannot create visionary and high-performance organizations, much less a world-inspiring country. Individual and cultural transformation is the foundation of the other pillars.

The sixth pillar of the platform aims to Mainstream Visionary Initiatives. There are thousands of promising initiatives throughout the country in a wide variety of fields that already point the way forward to another, much better Philippines. We will reward innovation. We will systematically discover, magnify and multiply these existing success stories of excellence.

This platform with its six pillars recognizes that everything is interconnected and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Ang lahat ng bagay ay magkaugnay. Reducing poverty, for example, is not simply about giving people work. It is about setting appropriate government policies that strengthen the economy, create jobs and minimize the adverse aspects of globalization. Poverty reduction also requires significant advances in peace, culture, including education, health care, sanitation, clean water, housing, micro-finance, nutrition and of course, agriculture and asset reform among others.

We are talking about a practical platform of sustainability that recognizes all of these connections. We cannot transform the system if the system is plagued with corruption. But you cannot get rid of corruption if you don’t involve the citizenry in changing behavior. And you cannot change behavior if there’s no inner change. For instance, we already have many excellent laws that simply lack enforcement. Everything is interrelated and systemic.

2.0 Policies and Programs

The Party will put in place the following policies and programs that will ground the six priority thrusts of the Partido ng Marangal na Sambayanan (PANGMASA) in the life of the nation.

Eradicate Poverty and Enhance Quality of Life

Jobs and the Economy

Provide meaningful self and/or work employment for the economically poor as outlined in the various policies and programs that follow below.

Increases government resources for the sustainable modernization of agriculture and fisheries and place priority on agricultural policies and programs that will eradicate poverty.

  • Accelerate the passage of a comprehensive land use plan for the country.
  • Speed up the implementation of the Agrarian Reform Program on private lands.
  • Provide, on a priority basis, agriculture-related support services to Agrarian Reform Communities including, but not limited to, new technologies, roads, credit, post-harvest facilities, and access to broadband Internet services.
  • Irrigate all rice lands using both large-scale irrigation infrastructure and artesian wells for small farms.
  • Provide branding, packaging, and marketing services to farmers and fisherfolks to enhance their market penetration.
  • Remove local monopolies and oligopolies that suppress the prices of farm and fishery products and which extract usurious lending rates from the poor.
  • Design, together with microfinance NGOs and banks, an agriculture-oriented micro-finance program that would receive the appropriate financial, technical, and guarantee support from the government.
  • Move towards strategic micro-finance where individual micro enterprises (in both rural and urban areas) are interlinked vertically and horizontally into new enterprise networks of larger value added on the basis of mutual solidarity and benefit.
  • Build upon existing micro-finance initiatives and set up new micro or small industries based on strategic partnerships between academic institutions (which have pro-poor mature technologies that harness local resources), socially responsible businesses (which have the capability to move mature technologies from the lab to the market place), government institutions (which can provide the necessary supportive policies and incentives) and NGOs (which can ensure the social and ecologically acceptability of the new micro-industries).
  • Implement special adult education programs for the rural and urban poor that would improve their knowledge, creativity, planning, and entrepreneurial and management skills.
  • (See also policies and programs in the section below on advancing the Integrity of Creation.)

Create macro-economic conditions conducive to the appropriate broad-based and inclusive growth and development of the Philippine economy.

  • Renegotiate Philippine commitments in the World Trade Organization and other regional and global trade venues that are anti-poor.
  • Put in place the necessary physical, institutional, and social infrastructure that would encourage both domestic and foreign investment in the country. (See policies and programs below.)
  • Remove distortions arising from market failures including learning, information, and coordination externalities.
  • Diversify the manufacturing and industrial base of the economy by encouraging the entry of new kinds of businesses using innovative technologies that would increase the value-added of enterprises as well as utilize the vast untapped local resources of the country. (See related discussion above on strategic micro-finance and strategic partnerships for new micro and small industries.) [cogon biofuels, CNG from trash, mung sauce]
  • Implement new approaches to strategic industry diversification and support including: a) provision of public support and incentives only for specific projects, not entire industrial sectors; b) identification of projects that are new not only to the domestic economy and/or new in terms of technological process used; c) assurance that these specific projects enhance local research and development as well as lead to actual productivity enhancement; and d) stipulation that the government support provided will have a termination period and will not be abused.
  • Ensure that the government implementers of this new industrial policy will be not be corrupted and that outside stakeholders, including appropriate civil society partners, are involved in the monitoring and assessment of the implementation of these new industrial policies.
  • Set up a national multi-department task force for identifying, assessing, incubating, and mainstreaming promising Philippine-based technological breakthroughs that would enhance the total factor productivity of the economy.
  • Improve the access of small and medium enterprises to low cost credit and guarantees.

Address other non-economic factors that impact efforts in poverty reduction and the enhancement of the quality of life for all as provided for in the policies and programs below.

Social Justice, Peace and Order

Improve social justice, peace and order.

  • Renegotiate the Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain (MOA AD) with special provisions, among others, for adequate consultation on both Muslim and Christian sides and for clearly defining the relationship between the Bangsamoro Juridical Entity (BJE) and ARMM and BJE and the national government.
  • Advance Muslim concerns including, among others, the expansion of the Office of Muslim Affairs (OMA) to other regions and provinces with large Muslim populations; the appointment of non-political or neutral OMA executives and officials; the hiring of more Muslim staff in Muslim-dedicated government offices including OMA; the expedited flow of Muslim Official Development Assistance (ODA); and the availability of “hallal” slaughterhouses in cities and towns with large Muslim populations.
  • Reopen negotiations with NDF/NPA communist rebels.
  • Ensure that all peace negotiations with Muslim and NDF/NPA combatants are anchored on the government’s demonstrated political will towards reforming the structural roots of conflict and the pursuit of social justice, including the equitable delivery of government social services, infrastructure, and business incentives.
  • Ensure the meaningful and organized participation of indigenous peoples and communities in all matters of governance affecting their interest and future.
  • Strengthen the capacity and resources of the council for indigenous people and neutralize the heavy interference of traditional politicians in this council.
  • Remove the high-level military and police support for criminal activities and drug trade and clean both the military and police from corrupt elements. (See program details in the Moral and Effective Governance section below.)
  • Expedite the removal from public service of rogue military and police officers and personnel.
  • Reinstate, to full position and honors, any military or police officer unjustly placed in detention or removed from public office.
  • Professionalize the military and police forces by means of adequate incentive systems that reward moral and exemplary conduct and punish violations of law and order.
  • Provide adequate comprehensive support to civil society efforts towards a holistic and comprehensive approach to peace.
  • Implement and reinforce zoning laws and regulations.

Clean and Responsible Fiscal Management

Improve Fiscal Position of Government and the allocations in the National Budget to attract both domestic and foreign investments, thereby offering more employment opportunities for the poor and ensuring adequate funding for social services and lesser tax burden for the poor.

Flagship

  • Stop, beginning with the first 100 days and beyond, the hemorrhage of the national budget due to corruption. Involve anti-corruption focused civil society and business groups in cleaning up the most corrupt government agencies, including but not limited to the Bureau of Customs, the Bureau of Internal Revenue, the Department of Public Works and Highways, the Department of Education, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the Philippine National Police, and others. (See also section on Moral and Effective Governance)
  • Demonstrate political will in stopping the misuse of government funds as efforts are made to improve tax collection and make it more equitable.

Collection

  • Improve the transparency and accountability of tax collection, expenditures and management
  • Assess and improve the effectiveness of performance-based incentive schemes for greater tax collections, for example, the Lateral Attrition Law and
  • Assess and improve the effectiveness of programs for improving tax collections, for example, RATES (Run After Tax Evaders)
  • Introduce new performance-based incentive packages and better tax collection programs
  • Make the tax rate structure friendly to the poor.
  • Improve tax collections from medium and large corporations and from “sin taxes” by closing legal loopholes and stopping “creative” accounting.

Disbursement

  • Advocate for the removal of pork barrel from the national budget to ensure that tax pesos are used, not to promote transactional politics that worsen the condition of the poor, but to eradicate poverty.
  • Involve civil society and business corruption watch groups in procurements and bids of government projects.
  • Increase the economic efficiency of government corporations (example National Food Authority) so that these do not drain the national budget.

Infrastructure Development

Intensify infrastructure development especially in the poorest regions of the country.

  • Increase the per capita road length, the road length per area and the presence of bridges especially in economically depressed areas that badly need roads and bridges to increase the agricultural productivity of lower income groups.
  • Increase the budgetary allocation for critical infrastructure as a percentage of total GDP.
  • Create a favorable environment for socially responsible and ecologically sound Build-Operate-Transfer (BOP) projects especially in poorer regions, provinces, municipalities, and barangays.
  • Improve and maintain existing critical roads and bridges using the Motor Vehicle Users’ Charge as appropriate.
  • Ensure that toll rate increases are necessary and are done transparently and equitably.
  • Install, in consultation with civil society and business, toll rates that lower the burden for mass transport and delivery vehicles for the poor and that such transport savings incurred are reflected in the lower price for transportation and food items and higher net margins for agricultural producers.
  • Make transparency, accountability, eradication of corruption, and greater institutional capacity as preconditions for greater national government subsidies and increased official development assistance (ODA) in the road building projects of local government units (LGUs).
  • Make LGU commitments to the UN Millennium Development Goals a precondition for national government infrastructure subsidies.
  • Upgrade the quality and capacity of the nautical highway system.
  • Decongest the transport system within Metro Manila by improving the quality and quantity of infrastructure and manufacturing projects in surrounding provinces and regions.
  • (For energy and electricity infrastructure, see the section, Integrity of Creation, on green energy.)

Social Services

Improve the financial allocation for and the targeting, delivery and impact monitoring of comprehensive and holistic social services for the disadvantaged and poorer sectors of Philippine society.

Better Coordination

  • Depoliticize the selection of basic sector representatives in the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC), increase its membership to include representatives from business, and professionalize the operations of NAPC.

Education

  • Identify the top 100 secondary educational institutions of the country, provide support for their innovative practices, document and disseminate their creative educational practices, and enter into partnerships with them as hubs of educational excellence.
  • Do an in-depth study, involving all stakeholders, as basis for the gradual transfer educational services to the cultural non-profit sector of society especially in partnership with the community.
  • Create the policy environment for strengthening the role of private education in all levels of the school system.
  • Increase the usage of educational vouchers to widen the choices of parents. Increase focus beyond just quantity of education services to quality of education services including more holistic educational approaches that develop multi-talented, creative, critical-thinking, socially-oriented students and citizens. (For other educational initiatives, see section below on Holistic Education and Inner Change.)

Health

  • Install a nationwide health insurance system, in cooperation with business and civil society, that allows the poor, with a minimal and easily payable premium fee, access to preventive medical approaches as well as primary, secondary, and tertiary medical treatment.
  • Task the Department of Health to install a nationwide system of holistic and preventive approaches to medicine.
  • Bundle health and nutrition services with educational objectives where appropriate; eg. breakfast feeding and basic gardening programs in school.
  • Conduct a massive skills-oriented awareness campaign on sanitation, nutrition, and environmental health to lay the foundations of preventive approaches to health.
  • Mobilize development partnerships with indigenous well-drillers, water system engineers, socially responsible businesses, community organizers from civil society to ensure that every community or family has access to clean sources of water.

Housing

  • Partner with civil society and business to provide a holistic approach to meeting the housing needs of economically poor families.
  • Encourage government, business, and peoples organization partnership to transform urban squalor into well-managed and vibrant housing communities for the urban poor.

Community Development

  • Encourage all barangay councils to convene tri-sectoral consultations with political, business, and civil society leaders/individuals to define their top 6 priority needs/projects for their community. The new government will meet all these needs within its 6-year term with priority financial allocation and technical support given to the poorest communities in the country.
  • Rank LGUs in terms of authentic development accomplishments as the basis for designing and delivering incentive programs including cost-sharing and counterpart grant mechanisms for use in infrastructure and other projects.
  • Provide strategic investment, trading and human capital formation relationships between economically vibrant cities/towns and economically depressed municipalities and barangays.
  • Refine and continue the practice of conditional cash transfers as appropriate but improve the targeting and monitoring mechanisms to ensure optimal support for the poor.
  • Revitalize disaster response planning in vulnerable areas of t

    Posted via web from kevinsteady

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    Entry filed under: Uncategorized.

PLATFORM: Noynoy Aquino’s Social Contract with the Filipino People via http://www.thepoc.net PLATFORM: Nicanor Perlas via http://www.thepoc.net

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